The king himself followed a strict daily regimen, and there was little privacy. Most notable of these values are the aristocratic obsession with glory la gloire and majesty la grandeur. The term "classicism" is also linked to the visual arts and architecture of the period where it is also known as Style Louis XIVmost specifically to the construction of the Palace of Versailles the crowning achievement of an official program of propaganda and regal glory.
There should be one central story, and all secondary plots should link to it. Literature should respect moral codes and good taste; nothing should be presented that flouts these codes, even if they are historical events. Nobles, lying on their beds, would receive close friends and offer them seats on chairs or stools surrounding the bed.
Conversely, social parvenus who took on the external trappings of the noble classes such as the wearing of a sword were severely criticised, sometimes by legal action laws concerning sumptuous clothing worn by the bourgeois existed since the Middle Ages.
Actions should be believable. They were also required to show generosity by hosting sumptuous parties and by funding the arts. In theater, a play should follow the Three Unities: In practice this led to the frequent "Castle, interior".
In there erupted an intellectual debate la querelle des Anciens et des Modernes on whether the arts and literature of the modern era had achieved more than the illustrious writers and artists of antiquity. When historical events contradict believability, some critics advised the latter.
These rules precluded many elements common in the baroque tragi-comedy: However, certain salons such as that of Marguerite de Valois were closer to the academic spirit. Prose[ edit ] Les Amours and Les histoires tragiques[ edit ] In France, the period following the Wars of Religion saw the appearance of a new form of narrative fiction which some critics have termed the "sentimental novel"which quickly became a literary sensation thanks to the enthusiasm of a reading public searching for entertainment after so many years of conflict.
Furthermore, there was a concentration in these works on psychological analysis and on moral and sentimental questions which the Renaissance novel lacked. Unlike the chivalric romance, magical elements and creatures were relatively rare.
The most famous of these authors and novels are: Nobles were required to be generous, magnanimous and to perform great deeds disinterestedly i.
For instance, the term ruelle derives from literary gatherings held in the bedroom, a practice popular even with Louis XIV. By relocating to Versailles Louis effectively avoided the dangers of Paris in his youth, Louis XIV had suffered during the civil and parliamentary insurrection known as the Frondeand could also keep his eye closely on the affairs of the nobles and play them off against each other and against the newer noblesse de robe.
However, the difficult wars at the end of his long reign and the religious problems created by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes made the last years dark.
These short and realistic novels of love or amours, as they are frequently called in the titles included extensive examples of gallant letters and polite discourse, amorous dialogues, letters and poems inserted in the story, gallant conceits and other rhetorical figures.
The first half of the 17th century was marked by a phenomenal growth in private academies, organised around a half-dozen or a dozen individuals who met regularly. The criterion of believability was sometimes used to criticize soliloquy; in late classical plays characters are almost invariably supplied with confidants valets, friends, nursesto whom they reveal their emotions.
The notion of glory whether artistic or military was not vanity or boastfulness or hubris, but rather a moral imperative for the aristocracy.
This process of state control of the arts and literature would be expanded even more during the reign of Louis XIV. Central to this transformation of literature were the salons and literary academies which flourished during the first decades of the 17th century; the expanded role of noble patronage was also significant.
The novels from to would complete this melding. Aristocratic codes[ edit ] In certain instances, the values of 17th-century nobility played a major part in the literature of the era.
The production of literary works such as poems, plays, works of criticism or moral reflection was increasingly considered a necessary practice by nobles, and the creation or patronage of the arts served as a means of social advancement for both non- and marginalized noblemen.
Academies were generally more formal and more focused on criticism and analysis than salonswhich encouraged pleasurable discourse about society. In theorizing the origins of the novel, the early 17th century conceived of the form as "an epic in prose"; in truth, the epic poem at the end of the Renaissance had few thematic differences from the novel.
In the midth century, there were an estimated 2, authors in France mostly nobles and clergywriting for a reading public of just a few tens of thousands. The spectacle of power, prestige and luxury found in 17th-century literature may be distasteful or even offensive.
A new conception of nobility, modelled on the Italian Renaissance courts and their concept of the perfect courtierwas beginning to evolve through French literature. The debate would last until the beginning of the 18th century.
Versailles became a gilded cage; to leave spelled disaster for a noble, for all official charges and appointments were made there.
The word salon first appeared in French in from the Italian word sala, the large reception hall of a mansion. Many of these notions are directly inspired by the works of Aristotle and Horaceand by classical Greek and Roman masterpieces. Battles take place off stage. Ideally, the entire play should take place in 24 hours.
Novelistic love had spilled into the epic, and adventurous knights had become the subject of novels.A stylistically beautiful translation, at the sacrifice of meaning.
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With new translations and a new afterword The full texts of the seven extant plays of Sophocles with Paul Roche's revised and updated translations of the Oedipus cycle/5(13). THE OEDIPUS PLAYS OF SOPHOCLES: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Kolonos, and Antigone User Review - Kirkus.
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Oedipus the King Analysis Literary Devices in Oedipus the King. Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory their plays are hardly ever set in their home town—in fact, they weren't allowed to d Genre.
Done. Oedipus the King is the mic drop of the tragedy world. The Oedipus myth had been around, so Sophocles’s audience would have been familiar. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day?
Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Society and literature in 17th-century France. In Renaissance France, literature (in the broadest sense of the term) was largely the product of encyclopaedic humanism, and included works produced by an educated class of .Download