Acid fast staining essay

Cord Factor is responsible for the serpentine cording mentioned above. Other human pathogens belonging to Acid fast staining essay Mycobacterium genus include Mycobacterium avium which causes a TB-like disease especially prevalent in AIDS patients, and Mycobacterium leprae, the causative agent of leprosy.

The emphasis in this Atlas-Protocol project will be on the Ziehl-Neelsen and the Kinyoun methods because the slides produced by these methods can be visualized using a standard bright-field microscope. Other important Mycobacterium species involved in human disease are Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium marinum, and members of the Mycobacterium avium complex.

Acid Fast Staining

This method became known as the Ziehl-Neelsen method in the early to mid s. The bacterium is a facultative intracellular parasite, usually of macrophages, and has a slow generation time, hours, a physiological characteristic that may contribute to Acid fast staining essay virulence.

Acid-fast bacilli will be bright red after staining. Kinyoun method for acid-fast staining 15 Kinyoun carbolfuchsin solution: It is a special bacteriological stain used to identify acid-fast organisms, mainly Mycobacteria.

Acid fast organisms like Mycobacterium contain large amounts of lipid substances within their cell walls called mycolic acids. In many states, especially in the West, the upper Midwest, and the Northeast, most new cases of TB now occur in individuals who are foreign born.

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Mix and let stand for several days.

Purpose The acid-fast stain is performed on samples to demonstrate the characteristic of acid fastness in certain bacteria and the cysts of Cryptosporidium and Isospora. The fluorochrome method is used by large laboratories that have a fluorescent ultraviolet microscope. Humans can also be infected by the consumption of unpasteurized milk.

View under oil immersion lens Studies have shown that an AFB stain without a culture has a poor negative predictive value. Bacteria described as acid fast will appear red when examining specimens using bright-field microscopy. Chains of cells in smears made from in vitro-grown colonies often form distinctive serpentine cords.

Cord factor is toxic to mammalian cells and is also an inhibitor of PMN migration. Counterstain with methylene blue for 1 minute. History In Robert Koch reported the discovery of the tubercle bacillus 4 and described the appearance of the bacilli resulting from a complex staining procedure.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an obligate aerobe. Cover the smear with a piece of blotting paper and flood with carbol fuchsin. Both types of media contain inhibitors to keep contaminants from out-growing MT. However, once a stain is introduced into the cell wall, removing it with a decolorizer is even more difficult.

When this method is used, the MTB. The rods are micrometers in length and 0. Acid-fast bacilli appear pink in a contrasting background. This route of transmission can lead to the development of extrapulmonary TB, exemplified in history by bone infections that led to hunched backs.

The cell wall complex contains peptidoglycan, but otherwise it is composed of complex lipids. Truant method for acid-fast staining 6, 7 Fluorescent staining reagent: In order to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a sputum sample, an excess of 10, organisms per ml of sputum are needed to visualize the bacilli with a X microscope objective X mag.

Aseptically remove a small amount of the bacterium from the agar surface and mix it with the water. Cell Wall Structure The cell wall structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis deserves special attention because it is unique among prokaryotes, and it is a major determinant of virulence for the bacterium.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the etiologic agent of tuberculosis in humans. Clinically, the most important application is to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis in sputum samples to confirm or rule out a diagnosis of tuberculosis in patients. In the United States TB is on the decline.

Humans are the only reservoir for the bacterium. Many non pathogenic mycobacteria are components of the normal flora of humans, found most often in dry and oily locales.

Cord factor is most abundantly produced in virulent strains of MTB. Allow the slide to cool and wash with water. The Ziehl-Neelsen method has endured as a reliable and effective way to demonstrate the acid-fast bacteria.Acid-Fast Staining Acid-fast stain is a differential stain.

More so, it is a physical property of certain bacteria, particularly a bacteria’s resistance to decolorization by certain acids during staining procedures. Most bacteria are decolorized by the use of acid-alcohol. The acid-fast stain uses three different reagents: carbol fuchsin, acid-alcohol, and methylene blue.

Carbol fuchsin is a dark red stain that is soluble in the lipid substances foundin the cell wall of the mycobacteral cell. describe the acid-fast properties of the bacterium. In the s, Friedrich Neelsen and Franz Ziehl modified the stain by adding phenol (carbolic acid) and basic fuschin. Acid Fast Staining Essay Sample.

Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death in the world from a bacterial infectious disease.

Acid Fast Staining Essay Sample

The disease affects billion people/year which is equal to one-third of the entire world population. In the United States TB is on the decline.

In a total of 13, cases were reported. View Acid Fast Staining Research Papers on mi-centre.com for free. Introduction The acid-fast stain was developed in by Paul Ehrlich. Ehrlich was working with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacilli responsible for tuberculosis, and found a technique that renders M.

tuberculosis distinguishable from nearly all other bacteria. Acid-fast staining is, therefore, known as a differential stain.

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