The little fellow was perfectly naked, travelling in the sand. We simply ask to introduce as witnesses men that were present during the campaign and know all the facts. These statements were made to me in the Colonel chivington of the officers of my staff whose statements can be obtained to corroborate the foregoing.
Women, children, the elderly and the sick were hunted down and shot as they fled across the sandy banks of Sand Creek. Colonel chivington is thought by some that desire for political preferment prompted him to this cowardly act; that he supposed that by pandering to the inflamed passions of an excited population he could recommend himself to their regard and consideration.
Until he died, Chivington still claimed to have been justified in ordering the attack, consistently stating, "I stand by Sand Creek. Colby, United States Indian agent for these Indians, told me on the same day that he had done everything in his power Colonel chivington make them behave themselves, and that for the last six months he could do nothing with them; that nothing but a sound whipping would bring a lasting peace with them.
Chivington April 26, Interrogatories propounded to John M. The Indians never complied with these terms. During the spring, summer and fall of the yearthe Arapaho and Cheyenne Indians, in some instances assisted or led on by Sioux, Kiowas, Comanches and Apaches, had committed many acts of hostility in the country lying between the Little Blue and the Rocky mountains and the Platte and Arkansas rivers.
By whom were they mutilated? Chivington stands out as one of the most controversial figures in the history of the American West.
Smith told me that these groceries belonged to Samuel G. Middle row, seated, left to right: Previous to the battle they expressed to me the opinion that the Indians should be punished.
To the end of his life, Chivington maintained that Sand Creek had been a successful operation. Again, about one hundred and seventy-five head of cattle were stolen from Messrs. I took every precaution to render the attack upon the Indians a surprise, for the reason that we had been able to catch them, and it appeared to me that the only way to deal with them was to surprise them in their place of rendezvous.
Some of the identifications of Natives are uncertain. On the morning of November 29th, Chivington led a man force of Colorado Territory militia to attack and destroy the peaceful encampment.
It had already been weakened by the numerous deaths due to the cholera epidemic, which killed perhaps half the Southern Cheyenne population, especially the Masikota and Oktoguna bands.
By the s, as conflict between Indians and encroaching whites intensified, the Dog Soldiers and military societies within other Cheyenne bands countered the influence of the traditional Council of Forty-Four chiefs who, as more mature men, took a larger view and were more likely to favor peace with the whites.
Chivington, claimed Howbert, was retaliating for Indian attacks on wagon trains and settlements in Colorado and for the torture and the killings of citizens during the preceding three years. He borrowed money from them but did not repay. The horses and mules that had been stolen from the government were turned over to the officer who had been responsible for the same; and the animals belonging to Atzins was returned to them upon proof being made of such ownership.
I have been reliably informed that this half-breed, Bent, in order to incite the Indians against the whites, told them that the Great Father at Washington having all he could do to fight his children at the south, they could now regain their country.
He missed the child.
Governor Evans declined to treat with them, and as General Curtis was then in command of the department, and, of course, I could not disobey his instructions. This ended the talk. Eight Indians fell into the hands of the troops alive, to my knowledge; these, with one exception, were sent to Fort Lyon and properly cared for.
Having full knowledge of their friendly character, having himself been instrumental to some extent in placing them in their position of fancied security, he took advantage of their in-apprehension and defenceless [sic] condition to gratify the worst passions that ever cursed the heart of man.John Chivington.
National Park Service. Commander of the U.S. Army troops at the Sand Creek Massacre, Colonel John Chivington was born in Lebanon, Ohio in Following his ordination in the Methodist Church, he ventured into Illinois, Kansas, Nebraska, and Colorado.
John M. Chivington () The hero of Glorietta Pass and the butcher of Sand Creek, John M. Chivington stands out as one of the most controversial figures in the history of the American West. Chivington was born into an Ohio farm family in — Colonel John Chivington, Sand Creek massacre, John Milton Chivington () – A hero in the Battle of Glorietta Pass in New Mexico, and the infamous Commander of the U.S.
Army troops at the Sand Creek Massacre in Colorado, John Chivington was. John Milton Chivington (January 27, - October 4, ) was a former Methodist pastor who served as colonel in the United States Volunteers during the Colorado War and the New Mexico Campaigns of the American Civil War.
John Milton Chivington (January 27, – October 4, ) was a former Methodist pastor who served as colonel in the United States Volunteers during the Colorado War and the New Mexico Campaigns of the American Civil War.
Col. John M. Chivington at Camp Weld with Black Kettle and his men, Courtesy of Colorado Historical Society. First published as a report of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, Massacre of the Cheyenne Indians, 38th Congress, Second Session, Washington, ; and report of the Secretary of War, 39th Congress, Second Session, Senate Executive Documents No.