Williams and Murphy then address the Reform Era of policing which they call policing by the law for those unprotected by it, where they describe how the Civil War and Reconstruction led to a change in the legal and political status of Community policing in america essay.
Community policing is a positive public method of law enforcement. Policing in America Policing as we know it today has developed from various political, economic, and social forces.
For those who desire to cultivate progress and deterrence in the community using affable means, community policing is the strategy of choice.
To better understand the role of police in United States society, one has to know the history of how policing became what it is today. The NYPD may have felt they were getting the best of both worlds, but in fact the program failed.
Policing during this time was decentralized which opened the door for corruption through politics. Williams and Murphy present a review of how race contributed to the historical development of policing and how they continue to contribute to its future.
Technology became more important with patrol cars and radios which helped to organize officers more efficiently. Police became more rationalized and less politicized and thus corruption decreased significantly. Thus, police attention to, and protection for, areas that racial minorities occupied was rare in this era.
Kelling and Moore also conclude that in order to have affective Community Problem Solving Policing you need to have a decentralized chain of command. Instead of employing other tactics and initiatives, many branches of law enforcement have implemented and adopted this method to quell crime and build rapport of residents of any given neighborhood and village.
Impact was a program that focused on a heightened police presence in neighborhoods that were ridden with crime. The emergence of service and increased GPS technology help to organize police to address the need of the public.
During the Reform Era policing became more centralized and also the social distance between police and community also increased. The use of slave patrols and other police instruments of racial oppression, as well as laws that were racially biased were common in the Political Era.
Some theorists believe that this is due to an infringement of the police acting as a neutral agent unbiasedly applying the law. For some this is a great result, for others it is not.
Police moved back to more foot patrols in some areas, and tried to be problem solvers in the community.
The following paper discusses the views of the historical context of police which helps us better understand how political, economic, and social forces have shaped the social institution of policing. For some, it is an ideal imperative that gently coordinates cooperation between police officers and residents.
As a result, many police officers are rotated throughout many sects and beats throughout their jurisdiction. Criminal law and police professionalism were the bases of police legitimacy.What is community policing?
Community policing is a working partnership with a community that helps make the environment a better place to live in. This partnership with the community has goals such as reducing neighborhood crime, helping to reduce fear of crime and enhancing the quality of life in /5(16).
Community policing Essay Community Policing and the Community Emanuel, Rodriguez Professor Greg Hausmann Community Relations October 21, “The police are the people and the people are the police”-Sir Robert Peel the founder of modern day.
VOLUME 3 POLICIES, PROCESSES, AND DECISIONS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM A B S T R A C T Community Policing in America: Changing the Nature, Structure, and Function of the Police by Jack R.
Greene This essay reviews the rise of community- and problem-oriented. Essay title: Policing in America Policing as we know it today has developed from various political, economic, and social forces. To better understand the role of police in United States society, one has to know the history of how policing became what it is today/5(1).
Community Policing is a strategy developed to aid in the war on crime. Find out more in the essay sample provided here below. Community Orientated Policing is widely held as the new and correct style for American policing. For the past decade the community policing movement has been gaining momentum acquiring the support of politicians, scholars, reformers, and the public.