Southern women in the civil war

Nearly 20, women worked more directly for the Union war effort. Dyer has chronicled in Secret Yankees Take a look at the smiling, joyful slaves on Confederate currency and read the thought-provoking essay to see how these images reflected and cemented Southern ideology.

Although the precise number of women in the South who volunteered or hired their services is unknown, thousands of black and white women nursed, cooked, cleaned, sewed, and did laundry for military hospitals during the war. During the Civil War, women especially faced a host of new duties and Southern women in the civil war.

Women during the Civil War

Medical work was one of the most significant ways that Confederate women contributed to the war effort. Soon families at home were cutting blankets out of carpets. Many Southern women, especially wealthy ones, relied on slaves for everything and had never had to do much work.

This was sometimes on "flying furlough," or when an aid, or courier, with dispatches, was told to wait. Richmond women were eager to inspect the flounces and furbelows of their incoming cousins. A number of real Georgia women left vivid autobiographical accounts of their wartime experiences.

Some were embarrassed to admit they needed a paycheck, while others reveled in a newfound sense of achievement and independence. The activist Dorothea Dix, Southern women in the civil war superintendent of Army nurses, put out a call for responsible, maternal volunteers who would not distract the troops or behave in unseemly or unfeminine ways: It is ever true to its own, as a whole--and, for aught I shall deny--individually.

Some women remained loyal to the United States throughout the war, and many expressed their Northern sympathies by feeding and quartering Union soldiers, hiding escaped Union prisoners, or, like Elizabeth Van Leweven serving as spies.

The unpaid labor of enslaved women across the Confederacy also formed a critical component in supplying the war effort. Motivated by everything from patriotism to poverty to a sense of vocation, many white women found themselves working outside the home and earning money for the first time in their lives.

The Confederate government, particularly in Richmond, hired them to sign banknotes at the Treasury, sew uniforms for the Clothing Bureau, and sort letters at the post office.

By the war and emancipation had also transformed the lives of African American women. After a four-month campaign for AtlantaUnion general William T.

Report broken link The country is overrun with Yanks The "girl with the calico dress," of the lowland farms; the "merry mountain maid," of the hill country, and the belles of society in the cities, all vied with each other in efforts to serve the men who had gone to the front to fight for home and for them.

Individual Portraits of Women at War The most familiar portraits of women in wartime Georgia are fictional, most notably in two of the most popular novels about the Civil War and Reconstruction South. Loopholes permitted a drafted man to hire a substitute, leading many wealthy men to avoid service.

Such riots occurred in major cities and small towns. The wives and children of yeomen farmers had far fewer resources to draw on when left to their own devices, and many experienced food shortages as early as Nor was this confined to any one section of the country.

With traditional male authority figures absent from families and communities, women faced the difficult task of convincing themselves and the rest of Southern society to recognize their new authority and abilities. But the dainty little hands that tied the red bandage, or "held the artery," unflinching; the nimble feet that wearied not by fever cot, or operating table, the active months of war, grew nimbler still on bridle, or in the dance when "the boys" came home.

Davis was then at Montgomery, Ala.

Women in the Civil War

Thence, bravely as gently, they moved almost as one, to Rocketts, Chimborazo Heights, or other hospital, to receive the incoming loved ones--of their own kith, or with unknown faces, alike--and then-- "To do for those dear ones that woman alone in her pity can do.

De Leon trips in this statement in his entertaining communication. Dress--misconceived as the feminine fetish--was forgotten in the effort to clothe the boys at the front; the family larder--ill-stocked at the best--was depleted to nothingness, to send to distant camps those delicacies--so equally freighted with tenderness and dyspepsia--which too often never reached their destination.

Women were the obvious replacements, and they filled positions previously held by men as well as those specially created by the demands of war. Confederate Women Sew for Soldiers and the Confederacy. Or, it was when frozen ruts made roads impassable, for invader and fender; and the furlough was perhaps easier, and longer.

While their husbands, fathers and brothers fought in the Army, they were left to provide for their families on their own. The exigencies of war encouraged white women to develop a political outlook and prove their patriotism, in contrast to the antebellum period when they were considered too delicate and pure to become entangled in the public world of politics.

While some women enjoyed their new independence, the ever-increasing demands of the war drained the patriotism and self-confidence of many others. Of women who made nursing a profession, only those with the calmest stomachs were appointed to field hospitals by surgeons familiar with their skill and conduct under pressure.

Women staffed the Confederate government as clerks and became schoolteachers for the first time.In addition, white women took on the traditionally male occupation of nursing during the Civil War, taking care of the Confederacy's wounded as best they could.

Because many Georgia towns became battlefields during the war, local women often inadvertently became frontline nurses. Southern Women in the Civil War Working Class White Women: Pressure The Civil War posed greater challenges to Southern women than it did to women.

In the Hospital,is a tribute to Southern nurses. Civil War nurses were sometimes called "angels of the battlefield," working long hours to heal and comfort wounded and dying soldiers. After the initial months of the war, the South was plagued with shortages of all kinds.

It started with. Video: The Role of Women in the Civil War In this lesson, we will explore some of the roles women played in the American Civil War. We will see how northern and southern women worked hard to.

A highly readable, thoroughly researched, and reasonably nuanced account." -- Bruce Collins, The Historian "The first major work to synthesize the voluminous literature on southern women during the Civil War era." -- Blain Roberts, Southern Historian "Offers a sophisticated analysis of the relationship between public and private, family and /5(4).

34d. The Southern Homefront

Mar 10,  · In many ways, the coming of the Civil War challenged the ideology of Victorian domesticity that had defined the lives of men and women in the antebellum era. In the North and in the South, the war forced women into public life in ways they could scarcely have imagined a generation before.

Southern women in the civil war
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