Ethics provides a set of standards for behavior that helps us decide how we ought to act in a range of situations.
In other words, we have a ethical obligation to perform the action. About Starbucks SinceStarbucks Coffee Company has been committed to ethically sourcing and roasting high-quality arabica coffee. Three Broad Types of Ethical Theory: Having a method for ethical decision making is essential.
If one person stops to help the third person pick up their books, but the other person keeps on walking, we somehow feel that the person who stopped to help has acted in a more ethically appropriate way than the person who did not stop, but we cannot say that the person who did not stop was unethical in not stopping.
Among the advantages of this ethical framework is that focusing on the results of an action is a pragmatic approach. Each of these three broad categories contains varieties of approaches to ethics, some of which share characteristics across the categories.
The Feminist Approach In recent decades, the virtue approach to ethics has been supplemented and sometimes significantly revised by thinkers in the feminist tradition, who often emphasize the importance of the experiences of women and other marginalized groups to ethical deliberation.
While each of the three frameworks is useful for making ethical decisions, none is perfect—otherwise the perfect theory would have driven the other imperfect theories from the field long ago. Notice the duty-based approach says nothing about how easy or difficult it would be to carry out these maxims, only that it is our duty as rational creatures to do so.
Sometimes the easiest way to see if an action is ethically obligatory is to look at what it would mean NOT to perform the action. Law may have a difficult time designing or enforcing standards in some important areas, and may be slow to address new problems.
This framework also focuses on following moral rules or duty regardless of outcome, so it allows for the possibility that one might have acted ethically, even if there is a bad result.
Additionally, people sometimes react negatively to the use of compromise which is an inherent part of this approach, and they recoil from the implication that the end justifies the means. It also does not include a pronouncement that certain things are always wrong, as even the most heinous actions may result in a good outcome for some people, and this framework allows for these actions to then be ethical.
In other words, the person who did not help was in no way obligated it was not ethically obligatory to help. This approach is also prominent in non-Western contexts, especially in East Asia, where the tradition of the Chinese sage Confucius BCE emphasizes the importance of acting virtuously in an appropriate manner in a variety of situations.
A good system of law should be ethical, but the law establishes precedent in trying to dictate universal guidelines, and is thus not able to respond to individual contexts. Obviously, this framework is useful in situations that ask what sort of person one should be. It can also be rigid in applying the notion of duty to everyone regardless of personal situation.
But we nevertheless want to ethically praise the person who did stop, so we call his or her actions supererogatory. Because God is seen as omnipotent and possessed of free will, God could change what is now considered ethical, and God is not bound by any standard of right or wrong short of logical contradiction.
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MAKING CHOICES: A FRAMEWORK FOR MAKING ETHICAL DECISIONS. Decisions about right and wrong permeate everyday life.
Ethics should concern all levels of life: acting properly as individuals, creating responsible organizations and governments, and making our society as a whole more ethical. Do what you say. One of the most important steps in building a foundation of trust is to do what you say you will do.
Even if it is a small thing, canceling or failing to follow through will create hairline fractures in your trustworthiness. Honesty and Integrity. This means that you need to report your research honestly, and that this applies to your methods (what you did), your data, your results, and whether you have previously published any of it.Download